How To Fix Laptop Black Screen

Laptops are an essential tool for many individuals, but encountering a black screen issue can be frustrating. The laptop black screen problem occurs when the display remains unresponsive, leaving the user unable to see any content. There can be several causes for this issue, such as a faulty graphics card, software glitches, or even a hardware problem.

Fixing a laptop black screen requires a systematic approach, starting with basic troubleshooting steps like checking the power supply, adjusting display settings, and restarting the laptop. If these initial steps do not resolve the issue, further troubleshooting might involve updating drivers, performing a system restore, or seeking professional assistance.

Resolving the laptop black screen issue is vital to regain functionality and ensure uninterrupted productivity or entertainment.

These steps are as follows:

How To Fix Laptop Black Screen

Verify power supply and connection:

When facing a black screen issue with your laptop, checking the power supply and connections is indeed a good place to start troubleshooting. Here are the steps you can follow:

Power supply: Ensure that your laptop is receiving power. Connect it to a working power outlet and check if the charging LED or power indicator light turns on. If not, try a different power adapter or charger to rule out any issues with the power source.

Charging port and cable: Inspect the charging port on your laptop for any damage or debris. Sometimes, a loose connection or a faulty charging cable can cause power problems. Try using a different charging cable or gently wiggle and adjust the existing one to see if the device starts receiving power.

Battery: If your laptop has a removable battery, make sure it is properly inserted. Disconnect the power adapter, remove the battery, wait for a few seconds, and then reinsert it. Plug in the power adapter and check if the black screen issue persists.

External display: Connect your laptop to an external monitor or TV using an HDMI or VGA cable. This will help determine if the black screen issue is related to the laptop’s display or the graphics card. If the external display works fine, it suggests a problem with the laptop’s LCD screen or its internal connections.

Display brightness: Adjust the display brightness using the function keys on your keyboard. It is possible that the screen brightness was inadvertently set to the lowest level, making it appear black. Press the corresponding function key (often labeled with a sun or light icon) along with the “Fn” key to increase the brightness.

Adjust Display settings:

If your laptop screen goes black, adjusting the display settings may not always resolve the issue. However, you can try a few troubleshooting steps to determine whether it is a software or hardware problem. Here are some suggestions:

Adjust Brightness: Sometimes the laptop screen may appear black due to low brightness. Try increasing the brightness level by pressing the function (Fn) key along with the corresponding brightness key on your keyboard. Look for keys with icons that resemble a sun.

External Display: Connect your laptop to an external monitor or TV using an HDMI cable. If the display works fine on the external display, it indicates a problem with your laptop’s screen. In this case, you may need to contact a technician for repair or replacement.

Check Power Options: If your laptop is set to go into sleep or hibernation mode, it may sometimes result in a black screen. Adjust the power options by going to Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Power Options and select “High performance” or an appropriate power plan.

Update Graphics Drivers: Outdated or incompatible graphics drivers can also cause display issues. Visit the manufacturer’s website and download the latest drivers for your graphics card. Install them and restart your laptop to see if it resolves the black screen problem.

Boot into Safe Mode: Restart your laptop and continuously press the F8 key (or another key specific to your laptop model) before Windows starts loading. This will take you to the advanced boot options menu. Select Safe Mode and see if the black screen issue persists. If it doesn’t, it suggests a potential software conflict or driver problem.

Restart the laptop:

When facing a black screen issue with your laptop, restarting it is indeed a good initial step to try and fix the problem. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to properly restart your laptop:

Press and hold the power button: Locate the power button on your laptop. It is usually located either on the side or at the top of the keyboard.

Hold down the power button: Press and hold the power button for about 5-10 seconds until the laptop shuts down completely. This will ensure that any lingering power or software issues are resolved.

Unplug the power adapter: If your laptop is connected to a power source, unplug it from the wall outlet or disconnect the power adapter from the laptop itself.

Remove any external devices: If you have any external devices connected to your laptop, such as USB drives or external monitors, disconnect them before restarting.

Wait for a few seconds: Give your laptop a moment of rest for about 10-15 seconds before proceeding to the next step.

Press the power button again: Press the power button once to turn on your laptop.

Observe the boot process: After pressing the power button, pay attention to the screen to see if your laptop starts normally. If the black screen issue persists, try the next troubleshooting steps.

If restarting your laptop doesn’t resolve the black screen problem, here are a few additional things you can try:

External display connection: Connect your laptop to an external monitor or TV using an HDMI or VGA cable. If you see a display on the external screen, it might indicate a problem with your laptop’s internal display or graphics card.

Safe mode: Restart your laptop and repeatedly press the F8 or F12 key (or other specific function keys depending on the laptop model) to enter the boot options menu. From there, select “Safe Mode” to boot your laptop with only essential drivers and software. If your laptop boots successfully in safe mode, it suggests an issue with a recently installed driver or software.

Update graphics drivers: Outdated or incompatible graphics drivers can sometimes cause a black screen. Visit the manufacturer’s website (either for your laptop or the graphics card) and download the latest drivers, then install them on your laptop.

Battery reset: For laptops with removable batteries, try shutting down your laptop, removing the battery, pressing and holding the power button for 30 seconds, and then reinserting the battery and turning on the laptop. This can help reset the power-related settings.

Seek professional help: If none of the above solutions work, it is recommended to contact the manufacturer’s customer support or consult a professional technician for further assistance. They will be able to diagnose and fix any hardware or software issues causing the black screen problem.


In conclusion, fixing a laptop black screen issue requires a systematic approach. Begin by performing a hard reset and checking for any loose connections. Updating or reinstalling graphics drivers, as well as booting in Safe Mode, can help resolve software conflicts. Verifying the functionality of the laptop’s backlight and adjusting brightness settings may also be necessary. If the problem persists, it might indicate a hardware issue, such as a faulty display cable or graphics card, which may require professional assistance. Remember to approach the troubleshooting process carefully, ensuring a combination of software and hardware solutions to identify and address the underlying cause of the black screen problem.