How to fix laptop not booting

When your laptop refuses to boot up, it can be quite frustrating. However, there are several troubleshooting steps you can take to try and resolve the issue. First, start by checking if the power adapter is securely connected to both the laptop and the power source. If it’s connected properly, but the laptop still doesn’t boot, try removing the battery (if it’s removable) and disconnecting the power adapter.

Then, press and hold the power button for about 10-15 seconds to discharge any residual power. Next, reconnect the battery and power adapter, and try turning on the laptop again. If it still doesn’t boot, you can try booting into Safe Mode by repeatedly pressing the F8 key during startup. In Safe Mode, you can attempt to fix any software-related issues that might be causing the problem. If all else fails, it may be necessary to consult a professional technician or contact the laptop manufacturer for further assistance.

Check Power Connection:

When encountering issues with a laptop that is not booting, it is always a good idea to start by checking the power connection. Here are a few steps you can take to ensure the power connection is not causing the problem:

  • Verify the power source: Ensure that the power outlet or power strip you are using is functioning properly. Plug in another device to confirm that power is available.
  • Check the power adapter: Inspect the power adapter for any physical damage or loose connections. Ensure that it is securely connected to both the laptop and the power source. If possible, try using a different adapter to rule out any issues with the current one.
  • Look for indicators: Many laptops have LED lights to indicate the power status. Check if any lights are illuminated when the laptop is plugged in. If not, it might indicate a power issue.
  • Remove the battery: If your laptop has a removable battery, disconnect the power adapter and remove the battery. Then, press and hold the power button for about 10-15 seconds to discharge any residual power. Reinsert the battery, connect the power adapter, and try turning on the laptop.
  • Test with another power source: If available, try connecting the laptop to a different power outlet or try using a different power cable. This can help determine if the issue lies with the power source or the laptop itself.

Boot into safe Mode:

If your laptop is not booting properly, booting into safe mode can be a good troubleshooting step. Safe mode allows you to start your laptop with only essential system components and drivers, which can help identify and resolve any issues that may be causing the booting problem. Here are the steps to boot into safe mode:

  • Start your laptop and wait for the manufacturer’s logo to appear.
  • Press and hold the designated key to access the advanced startup options. The key varies depending on the laptop manufacturer; commonly used keys are F8, F10, or F12. You may need to refer to your laptop’s manual or the manufacturer’s website for the specific key.
  • The advanced startup options menu will appear. Use the arrow keys to navigate and select “Safe Mode” or “Safe Mode with Networking” if you need internet access in safe mode.
  • Press Enter to start your laptop in safe mode. It might take a bit longer than usual to boot into safe mode.
  • B- Once your laptop is in safe mode, you can try troubleshooting the booting issue by doing the following:
  • Uninstall recently installed programs or updates that might have caused the booting problem.
  • Run a malware scan using your antivirus software to eliminate any potential security threats.
  • Update device drivers that might be causing conflicts by going to the manufacturer’s website or using dedicated driver update software.
  • Use System Restore to revert your laptop’s settings to a previous stable state by typing “System Restore” in the Windows search bar and following the on-screen instructions.

Access the Event Viewer to check for any error messages or critical events related to the booting problem. To open Event Viewer, type “Event Viewer” in the Windows search bar and select the relevant result.

Reset BIOS settings:

If your laptop is not booting and you suspect that the issue lies with the BIOS settings, you can try resetting the BIOS to its default settings.

  • Power off your laptop completely and disconnect any external devices.
  • Locate the BIOS reset jumper or button on your laptop’s motherboard. The location may vary depending on the laptop model, so you may need to consult the manufacturer’s documentation or website for specific instructions.
  • If your laptop has a reset jumper, use a small screwdriver or jumper cap to momentarily connect the two pins of the reset jumper. This will clear the BIOS settings.
  • If your laptop has a reset button, press and hold it for a few seconds to reset the BIOS.
  • If your laptop doesn’t have a reset jumper or button, you can try removing the CMOS battery instead. This battery powers the BIOS and removing it will reset the settings. However, accessing the battery may require disassembling your laptop, so proceed with caution and consider seeking professional assistance if you’re unsure.
  • After resetting the BIOS settings, reinsert the CMOS battery if you removed it and put everything back together.
  • Power on your laptop and see if it boots properly now. The BIOS should be restored to its default settings, which may help resolve the booting issue.

Keep in mind that resetting the BIOS will revert all settings back to their defaults, so you may need to reconfigure any customized settings afterwards. If the problem persists despite resetting the BIOS, there might be other underlying issues causing the booting problem, in which case, it would be advisable to seek further assistance from a computer technician or the laptop manufacturer’s support team.


In conclusion, troubleshooting a laptop that won’t boot involves several steps. Start by checking the power cable connection and trying a hard reset. If the issue persists, examine the physical hardware components such as RAM and hard drive connections. If necessary, perform a system recovery or reinstall the operating system. Remember to seek professional assistance if you are uncertain or uncomfortable performing these steps yourself.